The main threats for penguins in water are leopard seals, fur seals, sea lions, sharks and killer whales.
King Penguins at the Central Park Zoo
Part of penguin conservation is to make sure their natural environments aren’t taken away from them.
It is due to those facts that all of the species of penguins in the world are protected. There are laws that prevent them from being hunted and from their eggs being taken.
For the most part, penguins seem to do extremely well in captivity. However, every effort is made to keep them in the wild as much as possible.