In the late 1800s penguins were often hunted to use their oils. Penguins have a gland that allows oil to be created from the tail.
For the most part, penguins seem to do extremely well in captivity. However, every effort is made to keep them in the wild as much as possible.
It is due to those facts that all of the species of penguins in the world are protected. There are laws that prevent them from being hunted and from their eggs being taken.
Scientists believe that half of the population of penguins in the Antarctic region has been depleted in the last 50 years due to the climate change.
Part of penguin conservation is to make sure their natural environments aren’t taken away from them.