Facts and Information
Penguin Information, Anatomy, Feeding, Habitat, Reproduction, Conservation,
Evolution, Communication, Predators and Penguin Social Structure.
Penguin Facts, Emperor Penguin, King Penguin, Adelie Penguin, Humboldt Penguin
Top Facts about Penguins
1. Penguins are birds highly adapted to aquatic life.
2. Penguins get food in the ocean.
Read more Facts about Penguins...
Facts and Information about Penguins
The first documented information about penguins date back to the late 1490's, when they were observed by
Portuguese explorers travelling along the southern coasts of Africa.
The word "Pinguis" means "fat" in Latin if you are curious how these creatures got that name. Many agree that
the name is quite unique for such an unusual type of bird.
It is believed the first penguins were living in Peru more than 55 million years ago, although they were not
fully adapted to aquatic life.
Penguins are well known for their tuxedo style of look - with the black and white, which gives them a unique
appearence. They are a type of bird even though none of the species are able to fly. It is believed they are
descendents of very early types of birds.
Scientists believe that they had to adapt to living in the water rather than just on land in order to survive. As a
result what was once feathers and wings for them to fly became flappers for them to swim with but they lost the
ability to fly.
There are some penguins out there that are all white, but they are very rare. They don’t have the
camouflage that others do though so they end up being more accessible to predators. They were also hunted
often by people but such practice it is illegal to do now. Many people believe that a white penguin is albino but
it is actually a type of penguin with a unusual mutation.
While the reproduction process for penguins is one that seems
complicated, they do it without expressing any real stress involved with it. Sadly, it is estimated that more than
half of all the eggs laid result in offspring that will die before it reaches two years of age. Many of them die
before ever being removed from the egg due to predators. A lack off food and harsh environments can also take their
toll on these young penguins.
The predators for penguins will depend on where they happen to be
located. Some of the common ones include leopard seals, snakes, foxes, sea lions, sharks, and even killer whales.
They also suffer at the hands of humans because they have been known to be hunted. They also get caught up in the
large fishing nets out there in the waters while attempting to hunt for their own food.
Penguins don’t get bothered by the cold as we would think they do because of the layers of fat on their bodies.
However, some penguin species that do not live in the colder regions, get too hot and that is a concern for them.
Due to global warming it has become even more of a concern out
there. They often extend their flippers to help stay cool. They also spend more time in the water when the heat is
too hot for them on land.
There are many different types of penguins found around the world. Some
of them are near extinction while others are considered to be
very vulnerable at this point in time. A few of them seem to be
thriving as they are able to continually adapt to their environment as they need to. When we allow the
destruction of their natural environment we prevent them from being able to successfully live like they should.
This includes polluting the waters in which they swim and hunt for food. When chemicals, oil, and even trash
find their way into the waters penguins often die from it.
On average the life span for a penguin is about 15-20 years. Some of the smaller species have a life span of
only half that. There are a few of the larger species that have been known to live several more decades than that.
All types of penguins seem to do very well in captivity, and that certainly does increase their life span.
Types of Penguins
You can find the most common species of penguins like the Emperor Penguin,
the Adelie Penguin, the King Penguin, the
Galapagos Penguin, the Humboldt
Penguin, the Macaroni Penguin, the Little Blue or Fairy Penguin, the Rockhopper
Penguin and the African Penguin.
"Emperor penguins, Ross Sea, Antarctica"
Photographer: Michael Van Woert, 1999
Source: NOAA Photo Library
The information provided about penguins in this site, includes an explanation of the Penguin Anatomy, followed by details about the Penguin Reproduction and what do penguins
Penguin communication is basic for its survival in one of the most
extremous habitats in the planet. For this, a social structure is also important.
Penguin distribution will show how penguins are located around the
globe and how they have evolved besides the main predators that have endangered them.
Humans and Penguins
Penguins have been part of human history for a few centuries now,
which have inspired great books and films.
However the relationship between humans and penguins has a not so pleasent side, which includes ruthless
hunting for centuries.
Lately humans have invested in penguin conservation and research as well as popular education through the knowledge provided by
penguins in captivity.
Frequently Asked Questions about Penguins
- Where Do Penguins Live
You can find penguins in every continent, however all known species of penguins live in the southern hemisphere.
- Where can Penguins be Found in South America
There are 7 of the 17 species of penguins that regularly breed in South America.
- What Do Penguins Eat
The diet of the King penguins rely mainly in fish and squid and include a small amount of krill and other crustaceans.
- Why Penguins Can't Fly
It is believed that evolution due to the lack of land predators made penguins change their wings for flippers.
- What are Baby Penguins Like
Baby penguins born completely covered with gray plumage.
- How do Penguins Communicate
Penguins vocalizations are identifiable by each individual which allow parents to recognize each other and also their chick.
- How Long Do Emperor Penguins Live
The life expentancy of emperor penguins reach up to 20 years.
- Do Penguins Have Ears
Penguins have a hearing sense, which although is not as developed as in other marine animals
- What do Royal Penguins Eat
The Royal Penguins feed mainly on krill and other prey like small fish, squid, and smail crustaceans.
- What Eats Penguins
The main threats for penguins in water are leopard seals, fur seals, sea lions, sharks and killer whales.
- How Many Different Kinds of Penguins are There
There are 20 recognized species of penguins living, being some subspecies still on debate.
- What do You Call a Group of Penguins
A group of penguins in called a Colony, a rookery or a Waddle...
- How Big are Baby Penguins
The size and weight of a penguin at born varies from species to species
- How do Penguins Stay Warm
Emperor penguins breeds in the coldest environment of any bird species, where temperature reach as low as -40 C.
- What are Baby Penguins Called
Baby penguins are called chicks.
- What are Some Facts about Penguins
Penguins are birds. Penguins have adpated to live in water.
- How Long do Galapagos Penguins Live
Galapagos penguins can live up to 15 years,
- How Long do Penguins Live
In general penguin lifespan ranges from 15 to 20 years,
- How to Draw Cartoon Penguins
Cartoon penguins can be drawn in the following way...
- Do Penguins Live in the Arctic
NO, penguins live only in the southern hemisphere and south of the Equator
- Do Penguins Mate for Life
Penguins are mostly monogamus, however there are some species like the Emperor Penguin which is serially monogamus,